HORT*3510 Vegetable Production

course node page

The following description is for the course offering in Fall 2018 and is subject to change. It is provided for information only. The course outline distributed to the class at the beginning of the semester describes the course content and delivery, and defines the methods and criteria to be used in establishing the final grades for the course.
 

The principles of vegetable production will be studied in terms of sustainable crop management and the impact of biotic and abiotic factors will be discussed. Consideration will also be given to storage processing and marketing.

Pre-Requisite(s): 1 of AGR*2050, AGR*2470, BOT*2100

 

Instructors:

Teaching Assistant:

Credit Weight:

0.50

Course Level:

  • Undergraduate

Academic Department (or campus):

Department of Plant Agriculture

Campus:

Guelph

Semester Offering:

  • Fall

Class Schedule and Location:

Please refer to Web Advisor for class schedule and location.

Learning outcomes:

By the end of this course, you should be able to:

  1. understand and analyze the factors that affect the distribution of the industry at the global to regional levels, from small community and roof-top gardens to large acreage, commercial production for local consumption, processing and export.

  2. assess and modify cultural practices used in the production of vegetable crops, including the integration of soil science, plant physiology, plant nutrition, agrometeorology and crop protection.

  3. understand the challenges and opportunities facing the vegetable industry in the 21st Century.

  4. read and analyze the scientific literature relevant to vegetable production through a laboratory-based group seminar.

  5. effectively communicate with the vegetable sector, and further develop numeracy and literacy skills required in vegetable production through the writing of field trip reports, delivery of a laboratory-based group seminar, and examinations.

Lecture Content:

Part 1-Overview of Vegetable Production (Weeks 1-4, 6 lectures total)

Course Overview

  • Definition of a vegetable crop, including how vegetable crops differ from agronomic and fruit crops.
  • Economic significance of vegetable production globally and in Canada and Ontario with emphasis on temperate vegetable crops.
  • The large-scale distribution of vegetable production both globally and in Canada and Ontario, and the major factors controlling this distribution.
  • Eleven criteria used to classify temperate vegetable crops and how these criteria influence their production: (1) cropping system, including field-processing, field-fresh market and greenhouse-fresh market; (2) cool- versus warm-season vegetables; (3) growth on mineral or muck soil; (4) life cycle and phenology; (5) method of propagation; (6) photoperiodic response; (7) type of pollination; (8) root depth and water requirements; (9) storage life; (10) nutritional content; and (11) taxonomic families (production of specific vegetable families is examined in Part 2).

Part 2-Production of the Major Temperate Vegetable Families (Weeks 4-9, 10 lectures plus Midterm (Oct 25) = 11 lectures total)

Production of the major temperate vegetable families is examined with emphasis on production issues relevant and unique to each vegetable family.  Emphasis is placed on field-grown vegetables, but comparisons to greenhouse vegetable production are provided where appropriate. Crops grown in hothouses are examined (e.g. mushrooms, forced rhubarb), since these crops are not discussed in detail in other courses at U of G.  Edible specialty crops will also be examined.  Tropical vegetables are not examined in detail since these crops are examined in HORT*4380.

A) Monocot Vegetable Families ($98 million total value Ontario 2016)

Listed in descending order of farm-gate value in Ontario:

  1. Amaryllidaceae (onion, garlic, leek, chive) = $40 million;
  2. Poaceae (sweet corn) = $34 million;
  3. Asparagaceae (asparagus) = $24 million.

B) Dicot Vegetable Families ($1,302 million total value Ontario 2016)

Listed in descending order of farm-gate value in Ontario:

  1. Solanaceae (tomato, potato, pepper, eggplant) = $820 million;
  2. Cucurbitaceae (cucumber, squash and pumpkin, melons, watermelon) = $296 million;
  3. Brassicaceae (cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, brussel sprouts, rutabaga & turnips, radish, kohlrabi, collards & kale, horseradish) = $82 million;
  4. Apiaceae (carrots, celery & celeriac, parsnips, dill, parsley) = $53 million;
  5. Fabaceae (green and waxy beans, green peas) = $29 million;
  6. Convolvulaceae (sweet potato) = $10 million;
  7. Chenopodiaceae (spinach, swiss chard, table beets) = $6 million;
  8. Asteraceae (lettuce, endive, globe artichoke, Jerusalem artichoke, salsify, chicory) = $5 million;
  9. Polygonaceae (rhubarb) = $0.7 million;

C) Mushrooms ($297 million total value Ontario 2016)

Part 3-Issues Relevant to the Vegetable Industry (Weeks 10-13, 8 lectures total)

Potential Topics

  • Market gardening in Ontario-MIcallef
  • Weed control in vegetable production
  • Nematode control in vegetable production
  • Integrated disease and insect management in vegetable production
  • Organic vegetable production
  • Canadian vegetable processing industry
  • Economic analysis of vegetable cropping systems
  • Labour costs and supply in the vegetable industry
  • Seasonality of vegetable production and supply coordination with major retailers
  • Trends in consumer demand for vegetables
  • Vegetable seed industry
  • Water availability and irrigation systems in vegetable production
  • Edible specialty crops (e.g. ginseng, hops, herbs)
  • Breeding vegetable crops and specialty cultivars
 

 

Labs & Seminars:

Course Assignments and Tests:

Assignment or Test Contribution to Final Grade  

Lecture Midterm

30%

 

Take Home Final Exam

25%

 

Field Trip Reports

20%  
Lab Group Presentation

20%

 

Lab Group Presentation 2-page summary + references

5%

 

Final examination:

Take home final exam.

Course Resources:

Prior to each lecture and lab, Powerpoint lectures, lecture handouts, lab exercises, and readings will be available in Courselink.  The Courselink website is at http://courselink.uoguelph.ca.  Login using your central email server user name and password.  Information on field trips for a given week will be available through Courselink at least one week prior to each applicable lab period. Some readings will be provided on Courselink, and in some cases these readings will be Required Reading for the Midterm, Final Exam, and Lab.

The Dept. of Plant Agriculture website is at http://www.plant.uoguelph.ca (useful links and general info.) and the Dept. of Plant Agriculture undergraduate website (overview of undergrad programs and courses) is at  http://www.plant.uoguelph.ca/students/our-courses.

Required Resource(s)
Required Text (available in the Main U of G Bookstore the 2nd week of September): 

Gregory E. Welbaum (2015) Vegetable Production and Practices.  CABI, Oxford, UK and Boston, MA, USA

Course Policies:

Late Policy

The standard penalty for late assignments will be 10% of the assignment value per working day late. Please note that these policies are binding unless academic consideration is given to an individual student. 

If you need to miss the Midterm or a lab period, the course instructor should be informed ahead of time and supporting documentation provided. Failure to follow these rules could result in a loss of marks.

Groupwork Policy

It is expected that both members delivering a Lab Group Presentation will contribute equally to the assignment. If the course instructor discovers that a member of a Lab Seminar Group does not have a legitimate reason for not attending the seminar, and for not contributing equally to the project, marks will be deducted that reflect the lack of participation.

 

 

Other Course Information:

University Policies

Academic Consideration

When you find yourself unable to meet an in-course requirement because of illness or compassionate reasons, please advise the course instructor in writing, with your name, id#, and e-mail contact. See the academic calendar for information on regulations and procedures for Academic Consideration:

Academic Misconduct

The University of Guelph is committed to upholding the highest standards of academic integrity and it is the responsibility of all members of the University community, faculty, staff, and students  to be aware of what constitutes academic misconduct and to do as much as possible to prevent academic offences from occurring.

University of Guelph students have the responsibility of abiding by the University's policy on academic misconduct regardless of their location of study; faculty, staff and students have the responsibility of supporting an environment that discourages misconduct. Students need to remain aware that instructors have access to and the right to use electronic and other means of detection. Please note: Whether or not a student intended to commit academic misconduct is not relevant for a finding of guilt. Hurried or careless submission of assignments does not excuse students from responsibility for verifying the academic integrity of their work before submitting it. Students who are in any doubt as to whether an action on their part could be construed as an academic offence should consult with a faculty member or faculty advisor.

The Academic Misconduct Policy is detailed in the University Calenders:

Accessibility

The University of Guelph is committed to creating a barrier-free environment. Providing services for students is a shared responsibility among students, faculty and administrators. This relationship is based on respect of individual rights, the dignity of the individual and the University community's shared commitment to an open and supportive learning environment. Students requiring service or accommodation, whether due to an identified, ongoing disability or a short-term disability should contact the Student Accessibility Services (SAS), formerly Centre for Students with Disabilities (CSD), as soon as possible.

For more information, contact CSD at 519-824-4120 ext. 56208 or email sas@uoguelph.ca or visit the Student Accessibility Services website: http://www.uoguelph.ca/csd/.

Course Evaluation Information

Your ratings and comments are important.  Course evaluation data are used to assess and enhance the quality of teaching and student learning at the University of Guelph.  Student course ratings and comments are used as an important component in the Faculty Tenure & Promotion process, and as valuable feedback to help instructors improve their teaching effectiveness and to improve the delivery of the course.

Your responses will not affect your grade.  Course evaluation data are distributed to individual instructors after final grades have been submitted to the Registrar, following the completion of each academic semester.

Please be honest, respectful, constructive and thorough.  Instructors and review committees place great value on student course ratings and read all comments provided in course evaluations. It is helpful to provide comments on the strengths of the course, in addition to the areas for improvement.  Please refrain from personal comments unless they relate to teaching and learning.

Click here for the University of Guelph Course Evaluation System