Design of cropping systems for specific livestock, poultry and cash crop enterprises; integration of all factors affecting crop yields, quality and economy of production such as choice and interchangeability of crops, crop sequence, tillage, pest control, seasonal work programming, harvesting, drying and storage.
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At the end of this course, students should be able to:
- Explain causes of complexity, diversity and dynamics of field crop production systems.
- Identify and describe components of crop production, including how these components are organized and optimized into a production system given constraining factors such as climate, soil type, livestock, species adaptation and morphology, and economics.
- Analyze how these components and their interactions influence resource use efficiency, crop physiology, soil properties, carbon balances, the nitrogen cycle, water and air quality and identify feedback mechanisms that producers can manipulate to improve system productivity.
- Explain how the above production systems concepts are currently utilized in Ontario, as well as systems used in Western Canada, the US Midwest and other developed and developing regions of the world.
Topics to be covered in lectures include:
Definition of cropping systems - goals and objectives / overview of factors affecting cropping system choice
Moisture and temperature effects on cropping systems
Soils and cropping systems - soil carbon cycle
Soils and cropping systems - nitrogen cycle
Livestock production and cropping systems
Economics / markets and cropping systems
Tillage - objectives, interaction with soil, climate, crop physiology
Tillage - no-till systems and alternative tillage approaches
Multiple crop systems
Precision ag and cropping systems
Intensive cropping systems
Biomass production systems
Course Assignments and Tests:
|Assignment or Test||Contribution to Final Grade||Learning Outcomes Assessed|
Additional readings consisting primarily of peer-reviewed journal articles will be provided on CourseLink.
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