This course examines principles of plant breeding in self- and cross-pollinated crops. Additional topics include crop domestication, mating systems, heritability, gain from selection, disease resistance, polyploidy, marker assisted selection and government regulations. Offered in conjunction with MBG*4160. Extra work is required of graduate students.
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By the end of this course, students will be able to:
- Identify sources of genetic variation to conduct a breeding program
- Identify characteristics of self- and cross-pollinated plants
- Determine breeding methodology appropriate for plants with different mating systems
- Conduct basic statistical analyses related to plant breeding
- Analyze journal articles related to cultivar development
- Conduct and analyze a selection experiment
- Communicate background information and original ideas related to breeding a specific crop
Topics to be covered in lectures include:
Evolution and Domestication
Impact of plant breeding on agriculture
Centres of origin and diversity
Variation in plants
Modes of reproduction/genetics of breeding
Selection during segregating generations
Selection following fixation of alleles
Hardy Weinberg equilibrium
Gain from selection
individual plant selectin
Inbreeding and heterosis
Cytoplasmic male sterility
Marker Assisted Breeding
Seeds Act and regulations
Topics to be covered in labs include:
Rapid cycling brassicas
Pollination of crop plants
Estimates of hertability
Rapid Cycling Brassicas - A population of B. rapa which matures in 35 to 40 days was developed by Dr. P. H. Williams at the University of Wisconsin. With this genetic material you will perform a selection experiment and estimate gains from selection and realized heritabilities.
Term Paper and Oral Presentation - Students will be assigned a plant breeding topic (e.g. heterosis, interspecific hybridization, comparison of breeding methods, etc) and will write a 10 page review paper based on primary literature. A 20 minute seminar will be presented during the last two weeks of class.
Heritability - Students will be given data sets and instructed in the calculation of heritability.
Statistics in Plant Breeding - Students will calculate and interpret some basic statistical parameters commonly used in plant breeding.
Pollination of Crop Plants - Students will perform emasculation and pollination of some common crop plants in order to practice some common breeding techniques.
Discussion of Journal Articles - Students will be asked to analyze journal articles. Questions will be assigned before lab and answers will be collected at the start of lab. Answers do not need to be correct but student must show preparation before coming to lab. Each of the two exercises is worth 2.5 pt to the final grade.
Course Assignments and Tests:
|Assignment or Test||Contribution to Final Grade|
Lab: Journal article I
Lab: Journal article II
- Zoom (lectures)
- Teams (via Office 365)
- Respondus LockDown Browser
CourseLink System Requirements
Teams (via Office 365)
- Manage files and folders on your computer (e.g., save, name, copy, backup, rename, delete, and check properties);
- Install software, security, and virus protection;
- Use office applications (e.g., Word, PowerPoint, Excel, or similar) to create documents;
- Be comfortable uploading and downloading saved files;
- Communicate using email (e.g., create, receive, reply, print, send, download, and open attachments);
- Navigate the CourseLink learning environment and use the essential tools, such as Dropbox, Quizzes, Discussions, and Grades (the instructions for this are given in your course);
- Access, navigate, and search the Internet using a web browser (e.g., Firefox, Internet Explorer); and
- Perform online research using various search engines (e.g., Google) and library databases.
All assignments are due at the beginning of class on the prescribed dates. Late penalty is 10% per day from the due date and time. Late assignments will not be accepted after 3 days.
Course Policy on Group Work:
All submitted work is to be an individual effort with no collaboration or sharing of answers; this includes use of materials from previous years. Laboratory data may be collected as a group, however, analysis and written lab reports are individual efforts.
Course Policy regarding use of electronic devices and recording of lectures
Texting and use of electronic devices, except for laptops, are prohibited in lecture and lab.
Electronic recording of classes is expressly forbidden without consent of the instructor. When recordings are permitted they are solely for the use of the authorized student and may not be reproduced, or transmitted to others, without the express written consent of the instructor.
Communicating with Instructors
- During the course, your instructor will interact with you on various course matters on the course website using the following ways of communication:
- Announcements: The instructors will use Announcements on the Course Home page to provide you with course reminders and updates. Please check this section frequently for course updates from your instructor.
- Ask Your Instructor Discussion: Use this discussion forum to ask questions of your instructor about content or course-related issues with which you are unfamiliar. If you encounter difficulties, the instructor is here to help you. Please post general
- course related questions to the discussion forum so that all students have an opportunity to review the response. To access this discussion forum, select
- Discussions from the Tools dropdown menu.
- Email: If you have a conflict that prevents you from completing course requirements, or have a question concerning a personal matter, you can send your instructor a private message by email. The instructor will attempt to respond to your email within one business day.
- Video Call: If you have a complex question you would like to discuss with your instructor, you may book a video meeting on Teams. Video meetings depend on availability and are booked on a first come first served basis.
- Posting inflammatory messages about your instructor or fellow students;
- Using offensive language
- Copying or presenting someone else's work as your own;
- Adapting information from the Internet without using proper citations or references;• Buying or selling term papers or assignments;
- Posting or selling course materials to course notes websites;
- Having someone else complete your quiz or completing a quiz for/with another student;
- Stating false claims about lost quiz answers or other assignment submissions;
- Threatening or harassing a student or instructor;
- Discriminating against fellow students, instructors, and/or TAs;
- Using the course website to promote profit-driven products or services;
- Attempting to compromise the security or functionality of the learning management system; and
- Sharing your username and password.
submission history immediately after the upload to see which files uploaded successfully.
Other Course Information:
When you find yourself unable to meet an in-course requirement because of illness or compassionate reasons, please advise the course instructor in writing, with your name, id#, and e-mail contact. See the academic calendar for information on regulations and procedures for Academic Consideration:
- For Graduate Students: https://www.uoguelph.ca/registrar/calendars/graduate/2018-2019/genreg/sec_d0e2182.shtml
- For Undergraduate Students: https://www.uoguelph.ca/registrar/calendars/undergraduate/current/c08/c08-ac.shtml
- For Diploma Students: https://www.uoguelph.ca/registrar/calendars/diploma/current/c08/c08-ac.shtml
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University of Guelph students have the responsibility of abiding by the University's policy on academic misconduct regardless of their location of study; faculty, staff and students have the responsibility of supporting an environment that discourages misconduct. Students need to remain aware that instructors have access to and the right to use electronic and other means of detection. Please note: Whether or not a student intended to commit academic misconduct is not relevant for a finding of guilt. Hurried or careless submission of assignments does not excuse students from responsibility for verifying the academic integrity of their work before submitting it. Students who are in any doubt as to whether an action on their part could be construed as an academic offence should consult with a faculty member or faculty advisor.
The Academic Misconduct Policy is detailed in the University Calenders:
- For Graduate Students: https://www.uoguelph.ca/registrar/calendars/graduate/2018-2019/genreg/sec_d0e2632.shtml
- For Undergraduate Students: https://www.uoguelph.ca/registrar/calendars/undergraduate/current/c08/c08-amisconduct.shtml
- For Diploma Students: https://www.uoguelph.ca/registrar/calendars/diploma/current/c08/c08-amisconduct.shtml
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Course Evaluation Information
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