Interested Members of the University Community are invited to attend the Final Oral Examination for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy of HARWINDER SINGH SIDHU of the Department of Plant Agriculture
Date: Tuesday, April 21, 2020
via ZOOM Conferencing
Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for the link.
Thesis Title: Fusarium Head Blight in Canadian Winter Wheat: Utilizing Association Mapping and Genomic Selection for Resistance Breeding
Dr. Istvan Rajcan (Advisor)
Dr. Curtis Pozniak
Dr. Lewis Lukens
Dr. Robert Graf
Dr. David Wolyn, Chair
Dr. Andrew Burt, External examiner
Dr. Istvan Rajcan
Dr. Curtis Pozniak
Dr. Mary Ruth McDonald
Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) is a devastating disease of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) caused primarily by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe in Canada. Wheat FHB results in yield and produce quality losses. The clearest symptoms of FHB are premature bleaching of spikelets in the field, and fusarium damaged kernels in the harvested seed. Insufficient and costly disease control strategies make breeding for FHB resistance in wheat an ideal choice. There is a lack of FHB resistance sources in the Canadian wheat germplasm and Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) can be utilized to identify such sources. Furthermore, as no Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) provides absolute resistance to FHB, identification of novel sources of resistance is desired. Genomic Selection (GS) has great potential in crop improvement, specifically for quantitative traits, and has benefits over Marker Assisted Selection. A diversity panel that represents the genetic diversity of the Canadian, i.e., high latitude North American winter wheat was assembled for this thesis and the genetic diversity, population structure, linkage disequilibrium of the germplasm was studied. To identify QTL associated with FHB, a GWAS study was conducted using the phenotypic data collected at three locations over two years. For understanding the role of number of genotypic markers, population structure, and choice of model in trait prediction modelling a GS study was conducted. Canadian Winter Wheat Diversity Panel is a diverse collection of winter wheat capturing diversity both in time and geography from Canada. The panel comprises of seven subpopulations with different LD, allele frequency, and genetic diversity parameters. Multiple QTL associated with FHB related traits were identified on 13 chromosomes which possibly harbor genes involved in plant defense and stress response mechanisms. GS study demonstrated that the modelling parameters can be determined based upon the genotypic information available and the FHB-related trait of interest. Deoxynivalenol contamination was one of the traits with highest prediction accuracy. GS can account for minor effects QTL, which is beneficial when breeding for quantitative traits. FHB resistant varieties are needed for an effective and economical disease control strategy in wheat and GS can complement current breeding efforts to develop FHB resistant wheat varieties.